The Controversy Surrounding the Intercountry Adoption

FANNI MURÁNYI

The purpose of this article is to identify characteristics of the legal framework of intercountry adoption. This study is specifically concerned with the international and Hungarian legislation. In the first part, the international conventions and the Hungarian rules are presented. These show that a considerable progress has been made in the last century in law-making. A short statistical analysis illustrates the role of Hungary in intercountry adoption. The final section considers possible risks and abuses in the process: exploitation, family tracing, loss of cultural heritage, over-representation Roma children, debate over closed or open adoption and adoption agencies. On the basis of the results of this study, it can be concluded that the intercountry adoption gives rise to a great debate and serious cause for complaining about abuses which weaken the children’s rights. This dissertation hopes to offer a comprehensive view on the advantages and challenges of intercountry adoption.