Abstracts - Vol. 8 (2019) No.1

The stealth rehabilitation of the psychicentity

ATTILA BÁNFALVI

A deep-seated, ’constitutional problem’ of so-called psy-complex (ontologically ‘psy’ is different than matter, but it is studied by natural scientific methods) can be detected: ontologically the psyche is basically different than matter, but the main stream studies of these disciplines take the natural scientific methods as their research ideal which were created for material beings and they try to influence and change their ‘object’ by technical-technological attitude. The main aim of this paper to draw attention to some of the main consequences of this dilemma.

KEYWORDS: psychology, psychotherapy, psychiatry, critique

 

 

 


 

The patterns of the shattered self

The role of schizophrenic self-disorder in contemporary phenomenological psychiatry

LAJOS HORVÁTHH

The aim of the paper is, on the one hand, to examine the ipseity-hiperreflexivity model of schizophrenia popularized in contemporary phenomenological psychiatry. On the other hand, it aims to compare the model with R. D. Laing’s earlier observations about the self. Owning to the works of the co-authors, Sass and Parnas, the divergent symptoms of schizophrenia spectrum disorder can be reduced to the minimal self that is a simpler notion than the person. The paper seeks to give and answer to the question of the relation between the lifeworld and the minimal self. Sass and Parnas argues, in the prodromal phase of schizophrenia an endogenous selfdisorder can emerge and its recognition could initiate therapeutic interventions prior to the full-blown psychotic breakdown. Other authors emphasize the primacy of the lifeworld and identity disorders determined by life circumstances contrary to or besides the role of minimal self-awareness.

KEYWORDS: phenomenological psychiatry, schizophrenia, hiperreflexivity, self-disorder

 

 

 


 

 

Quality of life, disability of people living with psychiatric diagnosis

BORBÁLA BÁNYAI

The paper aims at demonstrating the quality of life of the people living with psychiatic diagnosis. I used the data stemming from the standard and specific module (Social Inequalities in Health Quality) of the European Social Survey to present the quality of life of the disabled persons. I applied qualtitative methodology to investigate specifities of life course in case of people living with psychiatric diagnosis. My results suggest that people defining themselves as ’disabled’ differ from non-hampered population first of all in the indicators of emotional and physical subjective well-being. According to the narrative interviews the quality of life of people living with psychiatric diagnose is largely influenced by their adaptive and coping strategies aiming to preserve the balance of their mental status.

KEYWORDS: Quality of life, well-being, people with disability, people living with psychiatric diagnosis, kvalitativ and kvantitative research method

 

 

 


 

Merei’s Group-centered Psychodrama as Sociodrama

ÁGNES BLASKÓ - ESZTER PADOS

According to the authors, Mérei Ferenc’s method of group-centric psychodrama can also be used for managing social problems. However, this possibility mentioned above was not fully developed, primarily due to social-historical reasons. In this article the specificity of sociodrama, and the analysis of differentia specifica of sociodrama are defined. Based on the findings, two group-centric psychodrama sessions lead with Mérei-method are analysed to identify the possible changes of techniques necessary to transform the session into sociodrama. Results were born in the Hungarian Sociodrama Methodological Working Group.

KEYWORDS: sociodrama, Mérei, group-centric psychodrama, critical therapy, history of psychology

 

 

 


 

The Cult of Reflexive Efficacy

ISTVÁN DARUKA

This essay elaborates on the reflexive efficacy cult of the technocapitalistic Western modernity, unequivocally demonstrating its profit-driven, compulsive trends which naturally lead to dehumanization and decontextualization both on the individual and societal levels. As such, the present work is also an exclamation for humans, for humanism, being further supported by its ”impressionist” style and humanized narrative.

KEYWORDS: reflexive efficacy, technocapitalism, broken time perception, existential anxiety, compulsive producion, profit race, social uncertainty relations

 

 

 


 

Effectively influence on people – or are helping professionals free

to utilize manipulative impacts?

BALÁZS KRÉMER

The economic and political crises of the last two decades have been greatly influenced by the fact that, impacted by manipulative effects, instead to follow their rational judgements people have made their decisions under the influence of emotional and instinctive temtation, deception and manipulation. So far, these manipulative influences dominate contemporary commercial or populist political communication. The paper below shares the author’s hesitation that, while non-rational factors bias from rational arguing and reasoning, both in decision-making and in communicative impacts on the other person inevitably present, is it acceptable to manipulate the users/clients by assisting professionals/social workers while exercising influence on decision- making of their clients? And if so, under what conditions, what specific constraints could be exercised such impacts and „professional power”? Likewise, when and what can and should be done to immunize clients against manipulation, to mitigate manipulative effects, to „gain back” rational mind and „empower” clients to follow rational consideration and make wiser decisions? The article does not undertake to provide „only” true and correct answers, rather gives insights and tries to provoke its reader to contribute to clarifying this important issue.

KEYWORDS: rationality, impact, manipulation, assisting professions/social work

 

 

 


 

Literature review of the national identity of hungarians

in Vojvodina between 1920–1898 – I.

TERÉZ KOVÁCS – IGOR KISS

Our paper follows on the observation made by Ferenc Pataki who stated that national identity is a collective identity shaped by both political/citizenship-related and cultural elements. While these two elements are usually similar, the national identity of people from ethnic minorities differ along these two identities. Our analysis discusess the changes that happened during the hundred years since the Treaty of Trianion to these two elements of the national identity of the following three generations of Hungarians in Vojvodina: between the two World Wars, those who grew up during the communism and those who became adults after 1990. We conclude that the first generation retained their cultural-historical national identiy formed before Wold War I but they did not develop Hungarian or South Slavic national idenities. To replace the South Slavic identity they developed a regional identity to Vojvodina. The second generation, who were born and raised after 1945, developed Yugoslavian political/citizenship-related national identy through socialisation in a new political system and a regional identity to Vojvodina, which meant an alienation from Hungary. As a result of their shattered cultural-historical national identity, they started to assimilate, some of them lost their Hungarian cultural-historical identity and acquired a Serbian or Yugoslavian national identity instead. The national identity of the third generation who grew up after 1990 will be discussed in a second paper.

KEYWORDS: Hungarian ethnic minority, Vojvodina, political/citizenship-related identity, cultural- historical identity, assimilation

 

 

 


 

Factors that influence matechoice among college women

ZSUZSA KUKUCSKA

The centre of the study is the influential factors of female students in higher education. As a research question, does the institution of marriage continue to be a prominent place among female students in higher education as a planned relationship? And, does a person with a higher education level of education develop a relationship with a higher educated person, therefore achieving homogeneity of relationship? Thereby the choice of coupling is presented in addition to the examination of marriage, cohabitation and postponement mechanism, beyond the factors influencing partner selection, which are analyzed in a qualitative research of tenpersons. Factors include age, place of residence, origin and religion, separation from parenting, educational attainment, material capital and labor market situation, planned duration of the relationship and effects of the information age.

KEYWORDS: influential factors in a mating, family, marriage, cohabitation

 

 

 


 

Basic income – Sugar-coating over a bitter pill?

ESZTER OLÁH

Current and future evolutions in labour markets may be blurring lines between traditional employment and new types of atypical employment, making it harder to reliably assess whether someone is receiving any benefits at all. The basic income should be seen as a serious option in the future, given the changing labor market and the findings from existing cash transfer schemes. BI is not means-tested, so the amount received does not depend on individual or family income or assets and does not require any work performance, or the willingness to accept a job if offered. In this study I examine the created image by the media through the method of content analysis, in relation to basic income. Furthermore, it is analyzed to what extent this effect creates a negative image of basic income among the students of the University of Debrecen, strengthening the fear towards this social policy tool. Particular attention is paid to the value choices of young people focusing on their individualization, motivation of working and willingness to take risks.

KEYWORDS: basic income, universal basic income, willingness to work, fears of basic income, welfare attitudes, inequality

 

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