Drawn Commuters – Caricature as a visual historical resource


Despite of the fact that during the time of state socialism commuters meant a continuously growing social group both in proportion and in size, writing about their social history has been pushed into the background so far. The author’s aim is to fill this gap by trying to discover the most of the available sources of different genres. The present study shows part of this larger volume work, it shows what it can add to our knowledge about a social group through traditional sources if we include caricatures of a given social group as visual historical sources in the analysis.

In this paper, the author analyses sixteen caricatures of commuters, published in “Ludas Matyi,” comparing written and audio visual sources. In the study, she tries, among other things, to find out if there was a definite commuter picture of “Ludas Matyi”, and if so, to what extent did this commuter’s image differ from that of other products in the press? To what extent did the satirical portrayal of commuters refer to long-distance commuters and to what extent to daily commuters? Were the real anomalies of commuting in the era reflected in Ludas Matyi?

The analysis discusses the economic and social processes that characterize the time of publishing the caricatures, and denominates the external and internal characteristics and emotions commuters were endowed with.The aim of the author is to present the method of caricature analysis, which emphasizes the comparability of resources.

Czech Interwar Photography between Art, Society and Politics


Interwar Czech photography in the cultural spectre from the viewpoint of media and technology is related with penetration to various areas without intentionally directed nature of genres or styles. Viewed in a context with the phenomena of new mass media, industrialization, leisure time and general cultural and sociological relations in the spatio-temporal compression of modernity, photography plays a major role in forming modern culture in the 1920’s and 1930’s, in the “golden era of photography”. I have focused on the tendencies of photographic expression, influence and thinking after World War I. I considered it is important to point to reversed flow of ideas, i.e. from other fields of human activity towards photography, when this concerns tools where the development of new photographic was projected back to artistic and general social levels.

Flexibility in the labour market A stepping stone or a dead end for worker social security?


Notes for the Panel during the 28th Economic Forum, Krynica-Zdroj, Poland: 4-6. September 2018. Flexible Employment: A way to a global chaos or to a new model of labour market stability?

How do the Spanish families face to crisis?

The types and consequences of coping strategies


The impact of the crisis in Spain helped to harden the difficulties of a large number of households in Spain. Even though these conditions had a widespread impact, it has been more acute in families that prior to the crisis were dealing with difficult situations. The main objective of this paper is to identify strategies the households developed in order to face these difficulties. The results have been selected from a qualitative analysis of 34 excluded household´s life stories. From this analysis two interesting results were obtained: On the one hand, households have developed prevention and survival strategies. On the other hand, the study identifies the consequences of the strategies and their impact in terms of household´s social integration. With all the results, the paper invites to reflect on the limits of survival strategies.

Interpersonal relationships in Hungary – an overview


Our paper aims to demonstrate that social structure has significant impact on the formation of interpersonal relations. We review and analyse the characteristics of ego-centric interpersonal networks of Hungarians based on data from nationally representative adult population surveys between the mid-1980’s up to 2015. We focus especially on core discussion networks, friendship ties and weak ties and analyse how the transition to market economy influenced interpersonal relationships. As expected, the large-scale social changes brought about by the transition changed interpersonal networks as well. During the first decade of the transition (in the 1990’s) one could not witness a significant change of personal networks, nonetheless the adaptation process was easier for people supported by strong, traditional family ties. Non-kin ties, especially friendships seem to gain significance at the expense of kin relationships. Overall, resources available through weak ties seem to be decreasing.

Female quotas for women in academia, or natural but slow change that might take decades?

Between Scylla and Charybdis


This present study aims to provide a comprehensive representation of the Hungarian aspects of academic membership for women, based on the contribution of valuable insight from researchers and academics while also listing the possible opportunities and tools that might be of help for raising the proportion of female academics in our country. The study summarizes their voices articulated on the pages of Magyar Tudomány [Hungarian Science].