English

Qualitative methods in HRM research: they can offer more than an escape route from statistics

KUN ANDRÁS ISTVÁN

Qualitative research methods became more and more popular in business and management disciplines. Even in economics there is an intense dispute about the wasted opportunities due to the general refusal of qualitative approaches (Lenger 2019). We should also mention, however, that successful qualitative research projects always existed in various areas of economics, they were just not frequent and not part of the mainstream routine.

Abstracts - Vol. 8 (2019) No.4

Mobilization incongruence in the Hungarian local electioms

PÉTER BENCE STUMPF

In local elections, national voting patterns are often not repeated as results show significant incongruence in terms of turnout, party performance and seat shares. Political science explains these various differences with several distinct theoretical frameworks that approach this incongruence from the aspect of voter behavior. The aim of this study is not to provide an alternative for these conventional explanations but to complement them with the detailed analysis of mobilization in an attempt to clear up certain gaps in the models. My main proposition is that parties can mobilize their supporters for the local elections with differing effectiveness producing incongruence in voter turnout and seat shares. In the capital and in the larger cities there is a mobilization gap mainly affecting left-wing voters that causes lower turnout and weaker electoral performance by these parties. This gap can most probably be explained by a combination of social and institutional factors and has a profound effect on election outcomes.

KEYWORDS: local elections, second order elections, mobilization, turnout, voting behavior

Abstracts - Vol. 8 (2019) No.3

Rural youths and their lack of mobility

IBOLYA CZIBERE – IMRE KOVÁCH

International research on the lack of mobility and its causes among people in rural areas primarily focuses on motivations for emigration and consequences of immigration. In the first half of our study we summarize the findings of the research described above. We explain the relationship between poverty and lack of mobility, review the link between agriculture and local mobility, predominantly through the functions of rural businesses. We explore the return migration of youths, especially those who move back to their village after a long period of education and/or job search. We revisit structural theories that connect migration to different types of capital and shed light on the impact of changing perceptions on rural life. We use longitudinal quantitative studies and their statistics to analyze the characteristics of the lack of mobility among Hungarian rural youths and emigration patterns between 2010-2017. The second half of our manuscript delineates the results of studies done by the Mobility Research Center of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. The pertinent articles and case studies examine the role of social bonds in the lack of mobility, types of employment among rural youths, and how those influence their attachment to their village. Mobility case studies among the youths are also analyzed, along with the social representation of their identity, categories of success, the effects of poverty, their family bonds, perspectives for the future, as well as the consequences of the social and regional characteristics of their villages.

KEYWORDS: migration, lack of mobility, rural youths, regional inequalities

Abstracts - Vol. 8 (2019) No.2

Szeklerland – social science approaches

ZOLTÁN BIRÓ A.

The study reviews the situation of social science research in Szeklerland after 1989, describes the institutional framework for the organization of research. Presents the most important features of the Szekler society with a view to providing an interpretative context for the Cross-Sections Social Science Journal. It also indicates the areas of analysis in which regional researches were conducted, but could not be included in this study compilation.

KEYWORDS: social science research, Szekler region

Abstracts - Vol. 8 (2019) No.1

The stealth rehabilitation of the psychicentity

ATTILA BÁNFALVI

A deep-seated, ’constitutional problem’ of so-called psy-complex (ontologically ‘psy’ is different than matter, but it is studied by natural scientific methods) can be detected: ontologically the psyche is basically different than matter, but the main stream studies of these disciplines take the natural scientific methods as their research ideal which were created for material beings and they try to influence and change their ‘object’ by technical-technological attitude. The main aim of this paper to draw attention to some of the main consequences of this dilemma.

KEYWORDS: psychology, psychotherapy, psychiatry, critique

Abstracts - Vol. 7 (2018) No. 4

Some questions about labour shortages in Central Hungary – based on empirical research

JÓZSEF POÓR - TÍMEA JUHÁSZ - TAMÁS HÁMORI - PÉTER KARÁCSONY - MACHOVA RENATA - ILDIKÓ CSAPÓ

Demand for human resources has changed very strongly over the past decade and the demand and supply sides of the labour market have shifted. While there was a global over-supply of labour by the first decade of the new millennium, the job market today is characterized by labour shortages. In Central and Eastern European countries, unfavourable economic and social circumstances in the 1990s have had an impact on the current labour market changes and play a decisive role in labour shortages. After the fall of communism, the resulting high unemployment in these countries led to more talented workers moving towards Western European countries in the hope of a better quality of life (Bilsen – Konings 1998, Jeong et al. 2008). One of today’s key issues in former socialist countries now Member States of the European Union is the dramatically increased number of labour shortages, which have been influenced by various factors, including post-transition migration, unfavourable demographic factors, the economic crisis beginning in 2008, and wage differences within the European Union (Brixiova et al. 2009). According to OECD data, nearly 7 million people have left the labour markets in the Visegrád countries. The present study focuses on the causes of labour shortages and the analysis of labour retention opportunities at both the corporate and government levels. The results of our analysis show that reconciliation and central governmental measures are also needed to address the shortage of professionals, both from corporate and the government sides.

KEYWORDS: HR, labour shortage, governmental actions, missing job, turnover

Oldalak