List of papers submitted in English

Abstracts - Vol. 9 (2020) No.3

Thomas Hobbes and the dilemmas of the natural state I. The axiomatic nature of total war


The purpose of this paper is to reflect on some the ideas of Thomas Hobbes, one of the founders of modern political philosophy, best known for his masterpiece, Leviathan. The aim of this essay is not to provide a full scale analysis of Hobbes’ main work, nor to present his moral or political philosophy, nor to reflect on the significance of his impact on later political thinkers. The aim is more modest, and the theme under scrutiny is more narrow: the paper is devoted to a critical analysis of the main premise (state of the nature) of Hobbes’ theory of power, including the ambivalent character of the state of nature, as well as the logical dilemmas that arise during the analysis.
After a general presentation of Hobbes’s philosophy and of the logical construction of his work, I will tend to focus on two aspects of the state of nature: firstly, I will analyse the assumed analogy between the state of nature and the Book of Genesis; secondly, I will examine whether the „war of all against all” is an axiomatic outcome of the „primitive” state. It turns out, that the answers for these questions are not so unanbiguous.

KEYWORDS: human nature, natural state, everyone’s war against everyone, civil society

Abstracts - Vol. 9 (2020) No.2

The perception of the families and the concerned social workers about the promotion of the well-being of the families and social mobility


In the study our goal is to analyse the perception of the families and concerned social workers. The research was established in two regions in Hungary: in an underprivileged and disadvantaged micro-region in North Hungary and in the agglomeration around Budapest. The main focus was the perception of the available educational, social, child welfare and health services and supports. The starting point was their knowledge about these services. Beside the perception of the families, the opinion of the experts in the social support system about the value and quality level of their work is important. Analysing the quality of these services and supports is crucial to understand the mobility chance of the children living in these micro-regions. In our research public questionnaire and interviews with the families and experts were completed. The results show, that without capability and talent development for the children and the lack of welfare services, the mobility chance and opportunity of this families are extremely low. With the current social, education and health care system, and the lack of cultural possibilities, these children stuck in their disadvantaged circumstances without the hope or chance for better opportunities. The social interventions in the current child welfare system is only enough for damage control and not for prevention or increasing equality.

KEYWORDS: social work, child welfare services, social mobility, support for families with children

Abstracts - Vol. 9 (2020) No.1

Preferred leadership style, leadership and entrepreneurial inclination among university students


Although many researches have been conducted on leadership styles and university students are participants in exploratory social science research quite frequently, fewer examples can be found on the application of the Full Range Leadership model among the youth. In this article, the authors examine preferred leadership styles among Hungarian students, and map their connections with managerial and entrepreneurial inclination. The online questionnaire used in the research was completed by university students studying economics, technology and social studies in the capital and beyond. The questionnaire was completed by 335 university students. The results are exploratory, and they seem to modify the existing typologies. Four distinct leadership styles could be observed within the target group, embodying the transformative, supportive, defensive, and laissez-faire leadership types. Based on multivariate analysis one may suppose that among students leadership willingness is positively connected to transformative leadership, while entrepreneurial inclination to the transformative and supportive styles.

KEYWORDS: preferred leadership style, leadership aspirations, entrepreneurial inclination, university students

Qualitative methods in HRM research: they can offer more than an escape route from statistics


Qualitative research methods became more and more popular in business and management disciplines. Even in economics there is an intense dispute about the wasted opportunities due to the general refusal of qualitative approaches (Lenger 2019). We should also mention, however, that successful qualitative research projects always existed in various areas of economics, they were just not frequent and not part of the mainstream routine.

Abstracts - Vol. 8 (2019) No.4

Mobilization incongruence in the Hungarian local electioms


In local elections, national voting patterns are often not repeated as results show significant incongruence in terms of turnout, party performance and seat shares. Political science explains these various differences with several distinct theoretical frameworks that approach this incongruence from the aspect of voter behavior. The aim of this study is not to provide an alternative for these conventional explanations but to complement them with the detailed analysis of mobilization in an attempt to clear up certain gaps in the models. My main proposition is that parties can mobilize their supporters for the local elections with differing effectiveness producing incongruence in voter turnout and seat shares. In the capital and in the larger cities there is a mobilization gap mainly affecting left-wing voters that causes lower turnout and weaker electoral performance by these parties. This gap can most probably be explained by a combination of social and institutional factors and has a profound effect on election outcomes.

KEYWORDS: local elections, second order elections, mobilization, turnout, voting behavior

Abstracts - Vol. 8 (2019) No.3

Rural youths and their lack of mobility


International research on the lack of mobility and its causes among people in rural areas primarily focuses on motivations for emigration and consequences of immigration. In the first half of our study we summarize the findings of the research described above. We explain the relationship between poverty and lack of mobility, review the link between agriculture and local mobility, predominantly through the functions of rural businesses. We explore the return migration of youths, especially those who move back to their village after a long period of education and/or job search. We revisit structural theories that connect migration to different types of capital and shed light on the impact of changing perceptions on rural life. We use longitudinal quantitative studies and their statistics to analyze the characteristics of the lack of mobility among Hungarian rural youths and emigration patterns between 2010-2017. The second half of our manuscript delineates the results of studies done by the Mobility Research Center of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. The pertinent articles and case studies examine the role of social bonds in the lack of mobility, types of employment among rural youths, and how those influence their attachment to their village. Mobility case studies among the youths are also analyzed, along with the social representation of their identity, categories of success, the effects of poverty, their family bonds, perspectives for the future, as well as the consequences of the social and regional characteristics of their villages.

KEYWORDS: migration, lack of mobility, rural youths, regional inequalities

Abstracts - Vol. 8 (2019) No.2

Szeklerland – social science approaches


The study reviews the situation of social science research in Szeklerland after 1989, describes the institutional framework for the organization of research. Presents the most important features of the Szekler society with a view to providing an interpretative context for the Cross-Sections Social Science Journal. It also indicates the areas of analysis in which regional researches were conducted, but could not be included in this study compilation.

KEYWORDS: social science research, Szekler region

Abstracts - Vol. 8 (2019) No.1

The stealth rehabilitation of the psychicentity


A deep-seated, ’constitutional problem’ of so-called psy-complex (ontologically ‘psy’ is different than matter, but it is studied by natural scientific methods) can be detected: ontologically the psyche is basically different than matter, but the main stream studies of these disciplines take the natural scientific methods as their research ideal which were created for material beings and they try to influence and change their ‘object’ by technical-technological attitude. The main aim of this paper to draw attention to some of the main consequences of this dilemma.

KEYWORDS: psychology, psychotherapy, psychiatry, critique

Abstracts - Vol. 7 (2018) No. 4

Some questions about labour shortages in Central Hungary – based on empirical research


Demand for human resources has changed very strongly over the past decade and the demand and supply sides of the labour market have shifted. While there was a global over-supply of labour by the first decade of the new millennium, the job market today is characterized by labour shortages. In Central and Eastern European countries, unfavourable economic and social circumstances in the 1990s have had an impact on the current labour market changes and play a decisive role in labour shortages. After the fall of communism, the resulting high unemployment in these countries led to more talented workers moving towards Western European countries in the hope of a better quality of life (Bilsen – Konings 1998, Jeong et al. 2008). One of today’s key issues in former socialist countries now Member States of the European Union is the dramatically increased number of labour shortages, which have been influenced by various factors, including post-transition migration, unfavourable demographic factors, the economic crisis beginning in 2008, and wage differences within the European Union (Brixiova et al. 2009). According to OECD data, nearly 7 million people have left the labour markets in the Visegrád countries. The present study focuses on the causes of labour shortages and the analysis of labour retention opportunities at both the corporate and government levels. The results of our analysis show that reconciliation and central governmental measures are also needed to address the shortage of professionals, both from corporate and the government sides.

KEYWORDS: HR, labour shortage, governmental actions, missing job, turnover

“to work only precisely, nicely…” The brigade logs, as sources of the research of the working class of the Hungarian large-scale industry in the second half of 20th century


Brigade logs have got rather little attention in the economic- and social history researches of the decades since the regime change. However, by appropriate source critique and by joint use of other type of sources we can gain very useful information from them. And we could say, that neither they had been used as quasi-sources for the history of the socialist enterprises in the course of pre-1989 researches in the field of the history of factories and enterprises. The obvious reason for this was that during the active period of the socialist brigades the logs in better cases were being administered in a systematic way, and provided with different notes. In the present study I try to explore the possibilities for interpretation and analysis of this type of source, and then I attempt to discuss – through the analysis of the examples of two enterprises of the vehicle industry – the possible ways of their use. I think that the brigade logs, alike as the registers, which could provide aid for the elaboration of the social history of the Hungarian large scale industry, may contribute to the better understanding of the movement, to the research of working-class life, and to the reconstruction of roles within the different social groups.