List of papers submitted in English

Qualitative methods in HRM research: they can offer more than an escape route from statistics


Qualitative research methods became more and more popular in business and management disciplines. Even in economics there is an intense dispute about the wasted opportunities due to the general refusal of qualitative approaches (Lenger 2019). We should also mention, however, that successful qualitative research projects always existed in various areas of economics, they were just not frequent and not part of the mainstream routine.

Abstracts - Vol. 8 (2019) No.4

Mobilization incongruence in the Hungarian local electioms


In local elections, national voting patterns are often not repeated as results show significant incongruence in terms of turnout, party performance and seat shares. Political science explains these various differences with several distinct theoretical frameworks that approach this incongruence from the aspect of voter behavior. The aim of this study is not to provide an alternative for these conventional explanations but to complement them with the detailed analysis of mobilization in an attempt to clear up certain gaps in the models. My main proposition is that parties can mobilize their supporters for the local elections with differing effectiveness producing incongruence in voter turnout and seat shares. In the capital and in the larger cities there is a mobilization gap mainly affecting left-wing voters that causes lower turnout and weaker electoral performance by these parties. This gap can most probably be explained by a combination of social and institutional factors and has a profound effect on election outcomes.

KEYWORDS: local elections, second order elections, mobilization, turnout, voting behavior

Abstracts - Vol. 8 (2019) No.3

Rural youths and their lack of mobility


International research on the lack of mobility and its causes among people in rural areas primarily focuses on motivations for emigration and consequences of immigration. In the first half of our study we summarize the findings of the research described above. We explain the relationship between poverty and lack of mobility, review the link between agriculture and local mobility, predominantly through the functions of rural businesses. We explore the return migration of youths, especially those who move back to their village after a long period of education and/or job search. We revisit structural theories that connect migration to different types of capital and shed light on the impact of changing perceptions on rural life. We use longitudinal quantitative studies and their statistics to analyze the characteristics of the lack of mobility among Hungarian rural youths and emigration patterns between 2010-2017. The second half of our manuscript delineates the results of studies done by the Mobility Research Center of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. The pertinent articles and case studies examine the role of social bonds in the lack of mobility, types of employment among rural youths, and how those influence their attachment to their village. Mobility case studies among the youths are also analyzed, along with the social representation of their identity, categories of success, the effects of poverty, their family bonds, perspectives for the future, as well as the consequences of the social and regional characteristics of their villages.

KEYWORDS: migration, lack of mobility, rural youths, regional inequalities

Abstracts - Vol. 8 (2019) No.2

Szeklerland – social science approaches


The study reviews the situation of social science research in Szeklerland after 1989, describes the institutional framework for the organization of research. Presents the most important features of the Szekler society with a view to providing an interpretative context for the Cross-Sections Social Science Journal. It also indicates the areas of analysis in which regional researches were conducted, but could not be included in this study compilation.

KEYWORDS: social science research, Szekler region

Abstracts - Vol. 8 (2019) No.1

The stealth rehabilitation of the psychicentity


A deep-seated, ’constitutional problem’ of so-called psy-complex (ontologically ‘psy’ is different than matter, but it is studied by natural scientific methods) can be detected: ontologically the psyche is basically different than matter, but the main stream studies of these disciplines take the natural scientific methods as their research ideal which were created for material beings and they try to influence and change their ‘object’ by technical-technological attitude. The main aim of this paper to draw attention to some of the main consequences of this dilemma.

KEYWORDS: psychology, psychotherapy, psychiatry, critique

Abstracts - Vol. 7 (2018) No. 4

Some questions about labour shortages in Central Hungary – based on empirical research


Demand for human resources has changed very strongly over the past decade and the demand and supply sides of the labour market have shifted. While there was a global over-supply of labour by the first decade of the new millennium, the job market today is characterized by labour shortages. In Central and Eastern European countries, unfavourable economic and social circumstances in the 1990s have had an impact on the current labour market changes and play a decisive role in labour shortages. After the fall of communism, the resulting high unemployment in these countries led to more talented workers moving towards Western European countries in the hope of a better quality of life (Bilsen – Konings 1998, Jeong et al. 2008). One of today’s key issues in former socialist countries now Member States of the European Union is the dramatically increased number of labour shortages, which have been influenced by various factors, including post-transition migration, unfavourable demographic factors, the economic crisis beginning in 2008, and wage differences within the European Union (Brixiova et al. 2009). According to OECD data, nearly 7 million people have left the labour markets in the Visegrád countries. The present study focuses on the causes of labour shortages and the analysis of labour retention opportunities at both the corporate and government levels. The results of our analysis show that reconciliation and central governmental measures are also needed to address the shortage of professionals, both from corporate and the government sides.

KEYWORDS: HR, labour shortage, governmental actions, missing job, turnover

“to work only precisely, nicely…” The brigade logs, as sources of the research of the working class of the Hungarian large-scale industry in the second half of 20th century


Brigade logs have got rather little attention in the economic- and social history researches of the decades since the regime change. However, by appropriate source critique and by joint use of other type of sources we can gain very useful information from them. And we could say, that neither they had been used as quasi-sources for the history of the socialist enterprises in the course of pre-1989 researches in the field of the history of factories and enterprises. The obvious reason for this was that during the active period of the socialist brigades the logs in better cases were being administered in a systematic way, and provided with different notes. In the present study I try to explore the possibilities for interpretation and analysis of this type of source, and then I attempt to discuss – through the analysis of the examples of two enterprises of the vehicle industry – the possible ways of their use. I think that the brigade logs, alike as the registers, which could provide aid for the elaboration of the social history of the Hungarian large scale industry, may contribute to the better understanding of the movement, to the research of working-class life, and to the reconstruction of roles within the different social groups.

Revisiting enterprise politics in the interwar Hungary: The case of The Rimamurány–Salgótarján Iron Works Co.


The Rimamurány–Salgótarján Iron Works Co. in Salgótarján started to run up from 1871. The people who lived in the workers’ colony of the Steelworks in Salgótarján differentiated themselves from the rest of the local residents not only spatially but also in their appearance, as a result of their higher standard of living. At the begining of the 20th century the major streets of the colony (Acélgyári Street) had macadam or stoned surface and were lit with public street lightning. The duty of the socalled Dwelling Master was to guarantee neat, clean, tidy streets within the colony. Steelworkers had more opportunity to visit the shops and barbershop than those men who lived within the downtown. This difference was partly due to their higher income and partly due to the fact that the services of the comany’s shop and the barber at the colony were much cheaper than those of other local barbers since it was ordered so by factory management. Workers’ houses were up to the standards of the time, they did not pay rent or just a very low price and workers had a possibility to build their own garden houses on the land of the company. All this fundamentally changed in the second half of the 1940s owing to post-war lack of raw material and Socialist ’modernization’ and uniformization. The period of communist dictatorship after World War II, nationalization of the works and Socialist ’modernization’ created trauma at the colony.

Drawn Commuters – Caricature as a visual historical resource


Despite of the fact that during the time of state socialism commuters meant a continuously growing social group both in proportion and in size, writing about their social history has been pushed into the background so far. The author’s aim is to fill this gap by trying to discover the most of the available sources of different genres. The present study shows part of this larger volume work, it shows what it can add to our knowledge about a social group through traditional sources if we include caricatures of a given social group as visual historical sources in the analysis.

In this paper, the author analyses sixteen caricatures of commuters, published in “Ludas Matyi,” comparing written and audio visual sources. In the study, she tries, among other things, to find out if there was a definite commuter picture of “Ludas Matyi”, and if so, to what extent did this commuter’s image differ from that of other products in the press? To what extent did the satirical portrayal of commuters refer to long-distance commuters and to what extent to daily commuters? Were the real anomalies of commuting in the era reflected in Ludas Matyi?

The analysis discusses the economic and social processes that characterize the time of publishing the caricatures, and denominates the external and internal characteristics and emotions commuters were endowed with.The aim of the author is to present the method of caricature analysis, which emphasizes the comparability of resources.

Czech Interwar Photography between Art, Society and Politics


Interwar Czech photography in the cultural spectre from the viewpoint of media and technology is related with penetration to various areas without intentionally directed nature of genres or styles. Viewed in a context with the phenomena of new mass media, industrialization, leisure time and general cultural and sociological relations in the spatio-temporal compression of modernity, photography plays a major role in forming modern culture in the 1920’s and 1930’s, in the “golden era of photography”. I have focused on the tendencies of photographic expression, influence and thinking after World War I. I considered it is important to point to reversed flow of ideas, i.e. from other fields of human activity towards photography, when this concerns tools where the development of new photographic was projected back to artistic and general social levels.